Orthopedic surgery refers to bone surgery. There are many different situations where bone surgery may be necessary. The more common types of surgeries are fracture repairs, cruciate ligament rupture repair (knee joint), dislocating patella’s (knee caps) and cruciate repair with patella mechanism alignment surgery.The method of repair will depend on the location, the nature of the of fracture and all factors such as age, weight, blood results etc…….that will optimize the results. We are proud to have the very best in advanced orthopedic equipment from Depuy Synthes Canada. These orthopedic procedures are performed at both our hospitals.
We provide many surgical services at our clinic including routine spay and neuters, soft-tissue surgeries, ophthalmic( eyes), orthopedic surgeries and many types of advanced surgeries. A small sampling of some of the surgeries performed in the year 2012: perineal hernia repair, multiple knee surgeries, respiratory surgery for largneal paralysis and brachycephalic syndrome (BSS ), thyroidectomy, multiple eye surgeries-entropion, medial canthoplasties, 3rd eyelid gland correction etc..........
Cruciate injuries in dogs is a common orthopedic problem. The surgeries performed for cruciate deficient stifle joints at our hospitals are one of the following: 1) Extra-Articular Technique or 2) Tibial Plateau Leveling Technique (TPLO).
At present 2016, there is still no surgical technique for management of the cruciate-deficient stifle (knee) that has been shown to be unequivocally superior.The TPLO technique is the preferred technique for the mid to larger dogs with an expected early return to favourable functional gait.
-Spinal cord surgery for disc disease and spinal cord compression has been performed on many cases at our hospital over the past few years with rewarding outcomes.
-Conservative approach with the combination of pain management, laser therapy and absolute restricted activity for 4 to 6 weeks has been very successful for the patients that maintained an acceptable level of mobility.
Note: The compressive lesion in the photo on the right was in the neck of a young beagle who we had done a ventral slot surgery over 14 years ago here at our Mississauga Veterinary Hospital. Kacie at the time was an acute quadriplegic not able to stand, move legs or walk. As of July 2015 she is our oldest living canine patient and with full mobility ever since surgery until recently due to age.
The goal of surgery is to adequately decompress the spinal cord, remove the extruded disc material from the vertebral column and fenestration of the ruptured disc so further extrusion of the remaining nucleus pulposus will be prevented
The degree of neurologic dysfunction is related to the force of the impact of extruded disc material, the volume of disk ruptured and the length of time it has been in the vertebral column.
The success rate for return to normal neurologic function is high even with a Grade 1V paraplegic (deep still pain present) and surgery is done earlier than later and no major myelomalacia visible to the spinal cord at the time of surgery.
Soft tissue surgery includes surgeries not associated with bone. A few examples of soft tissue surgeries and their benefits are listed below.
Probably the most common soft tissue surgery performed at our clinic is the removal of masses or ‘lumps’ on animals. Most of these masses or ‘lumps’, once removed and tested, are benign (non-harmful); however, occasionally they are more serious. Early removal and accurate diagnosis of a ‘lump’ is necessary to improve the outcome in your pet if the mass is cancerous. Lacerations are also common in pets and suturing will reduce the chance of infection, improve healing time and reduce scarring.
Many breeds of dogs are susceptible to ear infections. Surgical treatment on ears improves air flow into the ear canal and can reduce the occurrence of ear infections.
Tearing in your pet’s eyes can mean an infection is present or it may be a sign the cornea (outer layer of the eye itself) has been damaged. A damaged cornea may require soft tissue surgery to allow the cornea to heal faster with less scarring. Less scarring will improve the ability of your pet to see. In some animals, the cornea (outer layer of the eye) may be damaged by the eyelid hairs surrounding the eye. Surgical intervention involving the eyelid improves the comfort in these animals. It also reduces the chances of corneal scarring and enhances the animal’s vision in the long term.
We perform many or all the of the advanced eyes surgeries for our patients. Cases that have cataract(s) or a glaucomatous condition with vision concerns will be referred to a veterinary ophthalmologist for surgical considerations.
Spaying refers to the surgical procedure performed on female dogs, cats, rabbits and other pets to render them infertile and/or correct a medical problem. There are many benefits to spaying our female pets.
1) This will help in the prevention of overpopulation.
2) Spaying will eliminate the sometimes ‘messy’ heat cycles that may attract male dogs/cats to your house from miles away.
3) This will help prevent diseases in your pet such as pyometra (infection in the uterus) and mammary cancer.
Spaying involves surgical removal of both ovaries and the uterus. It is performed under a general anesthetic in our surgical suite. This procedure is considered major surgery. It is important that the type of anesthetic, the monitoring equipment, the pre-anesthetic preparation including blood tests be optimal and all factors for any internal surgery be in place! We use several monitoring devices during your pet’s anesthetic. A veterinary technician/surgeon continually assesses your pet’s vital signs and comfort during the procedure. The risk of an anesthetic complication in a normal healthy pet is extremely rare when all safety measures are in place. We recommend spaying your puppy, kitten or rabbit as early as 5 months of age. Please call or visit our facility to learn more about our spaying procedures.
Neutering refers to the surgical procedure performed on male dogs, cats, rabbits and other pets to render them infertile. This is the actual surgical removal of both testes. There are many benefits to neutering your male companion.
1) It will contribute to control of overpopulation.
2) This procedure will help reduce and/or eliminate undesirable behavior that may occur in your male companion such as aggression, roaming, mounting and urine spraying etc….. It just helps reduce some of the rough edges that from a pet owner’s perpsective may not be so desirable.
3) The elimination of the risk of testicular cancer.
4) Reduce the risk of prostate infection and enlargement.
Neutering involves surgical removal of both testicles. It is performed under a general anesthetic and is consider major surgery. It is important that all factors including pre-surgical blood, health status, anesthetic preparation be optimal before undertaking this procedure. A veterinary technician/surgeon continually assesses and monitors with special medical equipment your pet’s vital signs and comfort during the procedure. Healthy pets rarely have complications when all safety measures are in place. We recommend neutering your puppy, kitten or rabbit as early as 5 months of age. Please call or visit our facility to learn more about our neutering procedures.